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How is Foam Concrete Used in Construction?

How is Foam Concrete Used in Construction?
How is Foam Concrete Used in Construction?

Foam concrete, an innovative material known for its versatility and unique properties, has a broad range of applications in the construction industry and beyond. This article delves into what foam concrete is, its benefits, diverse applications, and recent advancements in Cellular Lightweight Concrete Technology.

Understanding Foam Concrete

Foam concrete, also referred to as foamed concrete, Lightweight Concrete Blocks, or CLC Blocks (Cellular Lightweight Concrete), is a type of highly aerated concrete. It contains at least 20% air by volume, achieved by incorporating air bubbles into the mix using a foaming agent. Depending on the application, the foam content can reach up to 85%.

Composition and Production Process

To produce foam concrete, a pre-formed foam is mixed with a cementitious slurry. This foam is created by combining a foaming agent with water and air, resulting in stable bubbles that withstand the mechanical and chemical stresses of the mixing process. The density of foam concrete can be tailored, typically ranging from 400 kg/m³ to 1,800 kg/m³, with compressive strengths from 0.5 N/mm² to 12 N/mm².

The concrete slurry often includes fine aggregates such as fly ash and sand, water, and cement. Some mixes use only water, cement, and a foaming agent for extremely lightweight variants. The mixture is prepared in a concrete mixing plant, ensuring a consistent and stable foam is integrated into the slurry, often using a CLC Block Making Machine.

Benefits of Foam Concrete

  1. Lightweight: Foam concrete's low density reduces the load on structures, making it ideal for various construction applications.
  2. Thermal Insulation: The air bubbles provide excellent thermal insulation, contributing to energy-efficient building blocks.
  3. Fire Resistance: Foam concrete is non-combustible, enhancing the fire safety of buildings.
  4. Ease of Application: The material's flowability allows it to be easily poured or pumped into place, adapting to complex shapes and voids.

Applications in Construction

Foam concrete is versatile and can be used in numerous construction scenarios:

  • Void Filling: Ideal for filling voids and cavities in construction projects, ensuring structural stability and insulation.
  • Landscaping: Used in bridge approaches, embankments, and trench backfills due to its lightweight nature.
  • Infrastructure: Suitable for pipeline abandonment, annular fill, and highway sub-bases, providing a stable yet lightweight solution.
  • Building Construction: Employed in precast blocks, wall panels, cast-in-situ walls, floor and roof insulation, and prefabricated insulation boards.

Advances in Foam Concrete Technology

Recent developments in Cellular Lightweight Concrete Technology have significantly enhanced foam concrete's performance. Synthetic enzyme-based foaming agents have been introduced, producing more stable foams that maintain their structure during mixing and application. These advancements have enabled the production of High-Performance Concrete Blocks with densities as low as 75 kg/m³, significantly improving insulation properties and reducing material weight.

Setting and Curing

Foam concrete typically sets within 24 hours, though steam curing methods can accelerate this process to just a few hours by raising the temperature to around 70°C. Factors such as ambient humidity, external temperature, and the specific foam concrete mixture influence the exact setting time. Once set, foam concrete can be removed from molds or cut into blocks for specific applications.


Foam concrete, including Foam Concrete Blocks and CLC Blocks, is a revolutionary material in the construction industry, offering lightweight, insulating, and fire-resistant properties. Its adaptability and ease of use make it suitable for a wide range of applications, from infrastructure projects to residential and commercial buildings. As Foam Concrete Solutions and technology advance, foam concrete continues to evolve, providing even more efficient and sustainable construction materials.

About the author

THT International là công ty tiên phong trong công nghệ và thiết bị sản xuất bê tông nhẹ tại Việt Nam

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Cellular Lightweight Concrete Technology

We are one of the leading manufacturers of CLC foam concrete equipments, and have exported to many countries around the world. We can supply machines as part of a production line, or complete turn-key manufacturing plants.

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